਀㰀栀攀愀搀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 Czechia - the name of the country</title਀㰀⼀栀攀愀搀㸀� <meta name="description" content="Czechia" />਀㰀洀攀琀愀 渀愀洀攀㴀∀欀攀礀眀漀爀搀猀∀ 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀㴀∀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀Ⰰ 漀渀攀ⴀ眀漀爀搀 渀愀洀攀Ⰰ 猀栀漀爀琀 渀愀洀攀Ⰰ 䔀甀爀漀瀀攀Ⰰ 眀漀爀氀搀Ⰰ 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀Ⰰ 猀琀愀琀攀猀Ⰰ 氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀Ⰰ 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀∀⼀㸀� <body>਀㰀戀漀搀礀 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䔀䔀䔀䔀䔀䔀∀㸀㰀戀漀搀礀 氀椀渀欀㴀∀⌀䌀䌀䌀䌀䌀䌀∀ 瘀氀椀渀欀㴀∀⌀䌀䌀䌀䌀䌀䌀∀ 愀氀椀渀欀㴀∀昀昀挀挀㌀㌀∀㸀� ਀㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀  ∀栀攀椀最栀琀∀㄀㠀 ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀㈀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀㈀∀㸀� <tr><th><td width="900" align="right" height="2">਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <p align="left"><FONT size=5 face="Palatino Linotype"><font color=#555555><b>CZECHIA - the name of the Czech Republic</b>਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀 㰀琀愀戀氀攀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀  ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀∀㸀 㰀琀栀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀  ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀� <p><font face="Arial" size="2" color="#000000"><p align="justify"> ਀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀㰀⼀瀀㸀 � ਀㰀琀愀戀氀攀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀  ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀挀攀渀琀攀爀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀㄀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀㄀∀㸀� <tr>਀㰀琀栀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㐀㐀 ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀洀椀搀搀氀攀㸀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>Czechia</b> /ˈtʃɛki.ə/ (Česko [ˈtʃɛskɔ] in Czech) is the official English short-form and geographical name of the Czech Republic<FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [1].<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype"> ਀吀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 椀猀 爀攀最椀猀琀攀爀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀ꀀ唀渀椀琀攀搀 一愀琀椀漀渀猀ꀀ愀渀搀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 唀一伀 䜀愀稀攀琀琀攀攀爀猀 漀昀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 一愀洀攀猀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 戀攀最椀渀渀椀渀最 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀漀搀攀爀渀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀ꀀ猀琀愀琀攀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀 嬀㈀崀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀� <p align="justify"><FONT size=1 face="Arial">਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀开洀愀瀀㄀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㐀㈀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left">Czechia: <i>the map, coat of arms, national flag and the name in 24 European languages</i><br><br>਀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㌀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>General problem of the name</b><FONT size=2><br><br>਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀� The first paragraph above, in similar versions and together with all references, is continuously erased from the main paragraph on the Wikipedia page of the Czech Republic with predominant reasons ਀椀渀 栀愀氀昀ⴀ琀爀甀琀栀 瀀爀攀搀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀ꀀ椀猀 渀漀琀 甀猀攀搀Ⰰ 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 眀愀猀 渀漀琀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀氀礀 攀猀琀愀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 愀渀搀 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 ∀挀愀甀最栀琀 甀瀀∀⸀ 吀栀愀琀 猀琀愀琀攀洀攀渀琀 椀猀 挀漀洀洀漀渀氀礀 甀猀攀搀 戀礀ꀀ� opponents of the one-word name of the Czech state and represents typical interchanging of the cause and consequence<FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [3]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">, arising partially either from personal ਀漀爀 甀渀焀甀愀氀椀昀椀攀搀 漀瀀椀渀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 挀漀渀琀爀椀戀甀琀漀爀猀Ⰰ 瀀愀爀琀椀愀氀氀礀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 椀渀椀琀椀愀氀 甀渀瀀爀攀瀀愀爀攀搀渀攀猀猀 漀昀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀稀攀挀栀猀 愀琀 琀栀攀 琀椀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀攀瀀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀漀猀氀漀瘀愀欀椀愀ꀀ椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀ � and the preponderant indifference to the new state's name<FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [4]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">. Erroneous interpretations of the problem places aside following facts andpremises:<br><br>਀� <b>*</b> While the name is not widespread, it is used by official institutions<FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [5]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">, in works of literature<FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [6]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype"> ਀愀渀搀 挀愀渀 戀攀 昀漀甀渀搀 愀洀漀渀最 洀漀爀攀 琀栀愀渀 ㈀Ⰰ㜀  Ⰰ    氀椀渀欀猀 漀渀 琀栀攀 椀渀琀攀爀渀攀琀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㜀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀 � and is mentioned almost 10,000 English books that can be found on http://books.google.com<FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [8]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype"><br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 吀栀攀 爀攀愀猀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 猀椀琀甀愀琀椀漀渀 搀漀 渀漀琀 愀爀椀猀攀 昀爀漀洀 甀渀愀挀挀攀瀀琀愀渀挀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 戀礀ꀀ䔀渀最氀椀猀栀ꀀ猀瀀攀愀欀椀渀最 氀愀渀搀猀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀 嬀㤀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>*</b> The equivalent of the name is used in the overwhelming majority of other languages<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 吀栀攀爀攀 椀猀 渀漀 瀀漀猀猀椀戀椀氀椀琀礀 昀漀爀 瀀攀漀瀀氀攀 琀漀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀 愀渀搀 攀洀戀漀搀礀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 椀猀 椀渀 搀椀猀甀猀攀 戀礀ꀀ椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀ꀀ愀渀搀 漀琀栀攀爀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 愀爀攀 搀攀猀琀椀渀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀愀琀 瀀甀爀瀀漀猀攀 昀爀漀洀 爀甀氀攀猀 漀昀 氀愀眀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>*</b> The political name of a country cannot substitute its geographical name in proper meaning<br><br> ਀� <b><FONT size=2>The name "Czech Republic", is the administratively-political name of ਀琀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀Ⰰ 眀栀椀氀攀 ∀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀Ⰰ∀ 椀猀 琀栀攀 搀攀渀漀洀椀渀愀琀椀漀渀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 愀渀搀 猀攀琀琀氀攀洀攀渀琀ⴀ栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀愀氀 甀渀椀琀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀琀 漀昀 愀挀琀甀愀氀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 爀攀最椀洀攀猀 愀渀搀 � is therefore from this point of view neutral</b><FONT size=1 face="Arial"> [10]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">.<br><br>਀� <font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=3 face="Palatino Linotype">਀㰀戀㸀刀甀氀攀猀 漀昀 氀愀眀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <FONT size=2>਀䤀渀 琀栀攀 戀攀最椀渀渀椀渀最 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀琀愀琀攀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 愀瀀瀀爀漀瀀爀椀愀琀攀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 猀瀀攀愀欀椀渀最 氀愀渀搀猀 愀最爀攀攀搀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀瘀攀礀攀搀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀礀 眀椀氀氀 爀攀猀瀀攀挀琀 愀渀礀 瀀爀漀瀀漀猀愀氀 � of the name in English from the Czech side. The decree of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic in its memorandum to all Czech embassies ਀愀渀搀ꀀ搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀猀ꀀ椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀Ⰰ 爀攀挀漀洀洀攀渀搀攀搀 琀漀 甀猀攀 琀栀攀 昀甀氀氀 渀愀洀攀 ∀䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀∀ 漀渀氀礀 椀渀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀 搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀猀 愀渀搀 琀椀琀氀攀猀 漀昀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀⸀ � <b>"In all other cases, the one-word name Czechia should be preferred</b> <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[11]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">.਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀开洀愀瀀㈀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㐀㠀㔀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>S.A.Martson et al.: World regions in global context - Europe</i><br><br>਀� <font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=3 face="Palatino Linotype">਀㰀戀㸀䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <FONT size=2>਀吀漀 漀瘀攀爀猀攀攀 愀渀搀 搀攀琀攀爀洀椀渀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀ꀀ最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀ꀀ渀愀洀攀猀Ⰰ 洀愀椀渀 爀攀最甀氀愀琀漀爀礀 戀漀搀礀 椀猀 琀栀攀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀 伀昀昀椀挀攀 昀漀爀 匀甀爀瘀攀礀椀渀最Ⰰ 䴀愀瀀瀀椀渀最 愀渀搀 䌀愀搀愀猀琀爀攀ꀀ� (Český úřad zeměměřický a katastrální) <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[12]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">. The executive branch is its terminological commission, consisting of the government authorities, ਀猀琀愀琀攀 愀甀琀栀漀爀椀琀椀攀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀Ⰰ 猀挀椀攀渀琀椀昀椀挀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀ꀀ䄀挀愀搀攀洀礀 漀昀 匀挀椀攀渀挀攀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀ꀀ⠀䌀稀攀挀栀 䰀愀渀最甀愀最攀 䤀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀攀Ⰰ � Institute of History) and Czech universities. The Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre published an English guide entitled Toponymic ਀䜀甀椀搀攀氀椀渀攀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀Ⰰ 挀漀洀瀀椀氀攀搀 椀渀 愀挀挀漀爀搀愀渀挀攀 眀椀琀栀 刀攀猀漀氀甀琀椀漀渀猀 一漀⸀㐀 漀昀 琀栀攀 㐀琀栀 䌀漀渀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀Ⰰ 一漀⸀㄀㐀 漀昀 琀栀攀 㔀琀栀 挀漀渀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀 愀渀搀 一漀⸀㜀 漀昀 � the 6th Conference of the United Nations on standardization of geographical names. It is intended for foreign editors of maps and other works ਀搀攀愀氀椀渀最 眀椀琀栀 䌀稀攀挀栀ꀀ琀漀瀀漀渀礀洀猀⸀ 䤀琀 椀猀 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀 椀渀 昀漀爀洀 愀渀搀 挀漀渀琀攀渀琀 琀漀 琀栀攀 琀漀瀀漀渀礀洀椀挀 最甀椀搀攀氀椀渀攀猀 漀昀 漀琀栀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀挀椀爀挀甀氀愀爀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㐀㐀 ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㐀㔀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>XV.Historical Conference of historical geographers, Prague, Czechia, 2012</i><br><br> ਀� <font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">਀吀栀攀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 ∀ఀ攁猀欀漀∀ 椀渀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀ꀀ愀渀搀 昀漀爀攀椀最渀 氀愀渀最甀愀最攀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀猀 ⠀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀Ⰰꀀ吀猀挀栀攀挀栀椀攀渀ꀀ椀渀ꀀ䜀攀爀洀愀渀Ⰰ 吀挀栀焀甀椀攀 � in French, etc. - see the list of translations in "Linguistics" below) has been codified there and also in the ਀瀀甀戀氀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀 ∀吀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 一愀琀椀漀渀猀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 一漀洀攀渀挀氀愀琀甀爀攀 䰀椀猀琀猀ꀀⴀ 吀栀攀 一愀洀攀猀 漀昀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀椀爀ꀀ琀攀爀爀椀琀漀爀椀愀氀ꀀ瀀愀爀琀猀ᰀ†⠀㄀㤀㤀㌀⤀ 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㄀㌀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 � ਀吀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 眀愀猀 愀氀猀漀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀攀搀 戀礀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 猀瀀攀愀欀椀渀最 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀猀琀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀Ⰰ 昀漀爀 攀砀愀洀瀀氀攀Ⰰ 搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 戀漀漀欀 ∀䔀甀爀漀瀀攀愀渀 挀甀氀琀甀爀攀 愀爀攀愀㨀 猀礀猀琀攀洀愀琀椀挀 � geography of Europe" by Alexander B. Murphy, Terry G. Jordan-Bychkov and Bella Bychkova Jordan : "As for the names of independent countries, ਀眀攀 栀愀瘀攀 漀瀀琀攀搀 昀漀爀 挀漀洀洀漀渀氀礀 甀猀攀搀ꀀ愀渀最氀椀挀椀稀攀搀ꀀ猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀猀 爀愀琀栀攀爀 琀栀愀渀 昀漀爀洀愀氀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 渀愀洀攀猀 ⠀攀⸀最⸀Ⰰ 䜀攀爀洀愀渀礀ꀀ椀渀猀琀攀愀搀 漀昀ꀀ䘀攀搀攀爀愀氀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䜀攀爀洀愀渀礀⤀⸀ � The one case that might be less familiar to readers concerns the Czech Republic. Increasingly one hears the short form Czechia. Even though ਀琀栀愀琀 渀愀洀攀 椀猀 渀漀琀 愀猀 眀椀搀攀氀礀 欀渀漀眀渀 愀猀 漀琀栀攀爀 琀爀甀渀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀 ⠀攀⸀最⸀Ⰰꀀ匀氀漀瘀愀欀椀愀ꀀ昀漀爀 琀栀攀ꀀ匀氀漀瘀愀欀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀⤀Ⰰ 眀攀 栀愀瘀攀 搀攀挀椀搀攀搀 琀漀 甀猀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 昀漀爀 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀攀渀挀礀 � and to reflect its growing use in the country itself." <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[14]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀瀀漀瀀椀渀搀攀砀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㐀㈀㤀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>J.Allen, C.Sutton: A Student Atlas of World Politics - Population index of European countries</i><br><br> ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㌀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>Linguistics</b><FONT size=2><br><br>਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀� The name Czechia is created naturally, in terms of linguistics. The suffix <b>-ia</b> (originally Latin) is a frequent phenomenon in the English language ਀愀渀搀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀搀 椀猀 搀攀爀椀瘀攀搀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀氀礀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀椀琀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀愀樀漀爀椀琀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 愀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀⸀ 䄀猀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 栀愀猀 椀琀猀 漀爀椀最椀渀 搀攀攀瀀 椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀 � in Latin denomination (see below), the choice not to use the English name "Czechia," falls short of any validity, whether linguistic or historical. ਀䤀渀 愀搀搀琀椀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 栀愀猀 琀栀攀 猀愀洀攀 猀甀昀昀椀砀 愀猀 愀氀氀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀甀氀愀爀 䌀稀攀挀栀 氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰꀀ䈀漀栀攀洀椀愀Ⰰꀀ䴀漀爀愀瘀椀愀ꀀ愀渀搀ꀀ匀椀氀攀猀椀愀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㄀㔀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀ꀀ� Czechia has an equivalent in other languages and in the significant majority of them it is obvious, that the natural formation comes from the original ਀䰀愀琀椀渀 昀漀爀洀 ⠀猀攀攀 琀栀攀 琀愀戀氀攀⤀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀琀爀愀渀猀琀愀戀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀㘀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>Czechia translations</i><br><br> ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� ਀吀栀攀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀愀渀挀攀 漀昀 愀 漀渀攀ⴀ眀漀爀搀 渀愀洀攀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀 椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 爀椀搀搀氀攀搀 椀渀 搀椀猀愀最爀攀攀洀攀渀琀 戀礀 䌀稀攀挀栀 挀椀琀椀稀攀渀猀 愀渀搀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀猀 猀椀渀挀攀 琀栀攀 猀攀瀀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀漀猀氀漀瘀愀欀椀愀⸀ � During the second half of the 1990s¸ most people accepted the name "Česko" because there was no alternative. Now, "Česko" is commonly used by the overwhelming majority਀ 漀昀 愀氀氀 䌀稀攀挀栀 渀攀眀猀瀀愀瀀攀爀猀Ⰰ 漀渀 琀栀攀 椀渀琀攀爀渀攀琀 愀渀搀 吀嘀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㄀㘀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀ 匀椀渀挀攀ꀀ㈀ ㄀ Ⰰ ∀ఀ攁猀欀 爀攀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀∀ ⠀䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀⤀ 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 猀甀戀猀琀椀琀甀琀攀搀 戀礀 ∀ఀ攁猀欀漀∀ ⠀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀⤀Ⰰ 愀氀猀漀 漀渀 琀栀攀 � Czech Wikipedia page <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[17]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">. It is worth noting that the Czech National Geographic is called, "National Geographic Česko". The name Czechia has had a similar destiny ਀愀猀 椀琀猀 䌀稀攀挀栀 攀焀甀椀瘀愀氀攀渀琀 栀愀搀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 洀漀爀攀 挀漀洀瀀氀椀挀愀琀攀搀Ⰰ 戀攀挀愀甀猀攀 椀琀猀 眀椀搀攀爀 愀瀀瀀氀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀 搀攀瀀攀渀搀猀 漀渀 琀栀攀 愀挀琀椀瘀椀琀礀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀琀愀琀攀 椀渀猀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀 愀渀搀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀瘀攀猀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀 � ਀䤀琀 挀愀渀 戀攀 猀愀椀搀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀 氀漀渀最ⴀ爀甀渀渀椀渀最 瀀爀漀戀氀攀洀 椀渀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 氀愀渀最甀愀最攀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 椀渀琀甀椀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 琀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀攀搀 愀氀猀漀 椀渀琀漀 琀栀攀 ∀氀椀渀最甀愀 昀爀愀渀挀愀∀ 漀昀 琀漀搀愀礀⸀ 吀栀攀爀攀 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 戀攀攀渀 � any disagreement in English speaking lands concerning the official one-word name for the newly formed country, they accepted Czechia in the beginning without ਀愀渀礀 漀戀樀攀挀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 愀瀀瀀爀漀瀀爀椀愀琀攀渀攀猀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 眀愀猀 愀氀猀漀 挀漀渀昀椀爀洀攀搀 戀礀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 氀椀渀最甀椀猀琀猀 愀渀搀 漀琀栀攀爀 猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀椀猀琀猀 ⠀攀⸀最⸀ꀀ刀漀礀愀氀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 匀漀挀椀攀琀礀Ⰰ 瀀爀攀猀琀椀最椀漀甀猀 � publishing houses Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, etc.). In 1999, the Association of Communication Agencies (AKA) in cooperation with ਀琀栀攀ꀀ一攀眀 夀漀爀欀ꀀ䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 䴀愀爀欀攀琀椀渀最 䄀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀椀漀渀ꀀ愀渀搀 琀栀攀ꀀ䰀漀渀搀漀渀ꀀ䤀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀攀 漀昀 倀爀愀挀琀椀琀椀漀渀攀爀猀 椀渀 䄀搀瘀攀爀琀椀猀椀渀最 挀愀爀爀椀攀搀 漀甀琀 愀 猀甀爀瘀攀礀 漀瀀椀渀椀漀渀Ⰰ 愀猀欀椀渀最 昀椀瘀攀 栀甀渀搀爀攀搀 渀愀琀椀瘀攀 � English speakers about the name Czechia. 99% of participants responded: "No problem and do it now" <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[18]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">.਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㌀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>History</b><FONT size=2><br><br>਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀� The name Czechia is not an ad hoc invention. Probably the oldest document of the occurrence of this word is in the work "Respublica Boiema" by Czech writer ਀倀愀瘀攀氀 匀琀爀渀猀欀ﴀ 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀ 崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀Ⰰ 瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀ꀀ䐀甀琀挀栀ꀀ琀漀眀渀ꀀ䰀攀椀搀攀渀ꀀ椀渀ꀀ㄀㘀㌀㐀⸀ 圀栀攀渀 瘀椀猀椀琀椀渀最ꀀ匀琀⸀ 䨀愀洀攀猀됀 ⠀匀瘀⸀䨀愀欀甀戀⤀ 挀栀甀爀挀栀ꀀ椀渀ꀀ倀爀愀最甀攀ⴀ伀氀搀 吀漀眀渀Ⰰ 琀愀渀最椀戀氀攀 栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀愀氀 攀瘀椀搀攀渀挀攀 � regarding the origin of the name is demonstrated by the inscription on the pulpit: "Pietas Czechia dum posteris posuit" (So, the piety of Czechia brought out ਀椀琀猀 瀀爀漀最攀渀礀⤀ 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀䈀愀爀漀焀甀攀ꀀ爀攀挀漀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀栀甀爀挀栀Ⰰ 戀攀琀眀攀攀渀ꀀ㄀㜀㄀㐀ꀀ愀渀搀ꀀ㄀㜀㄀㘀⸀� <br><br>਀䄀渀漀琀栀攀爀 攀砀愀洀瀀氀攀 琀栀攀 䰀愀琀椀渀ꀀ搀椀猀琀椀挀栀ꀀ∀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 搀甀洀 爀攀昀攀爀甀渀琀Ⰰ 焀瘀攀洀 瀀爀愀攀搀椀挀漀Ⰰ 猀椀最渀愀 䰀攀漀渀攀洀 ⼀ 椀渀 猀椀氀瘀椀猀 䰀愀瀀椀搀甀洀 最氀漀爀椀愀 焀甀椀渀焀瘀攀 渀椀琀攀琀∀ ⠀吀栀攀 最氀漀爀礀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀Ⰰ � how I predicated, is shining in the woods by five stones in the sign of the Lion) on the engraving of the frontispiece of the script about Saint John of Nepomuk ਀⠀猀瘀⸀䨀愀渀 一攀瀀漀洀甀挀欀ﴀ⤀Ⰰ 眀爀椀琀琀攀渀 戀礀 吀栀⸀䨀⸀匀椀搀搀攀渀攀爀 椀渀ꀀ㄀㜀㈀㈀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀� <img src="czechia_name_soubory/John.jpg" width="440" height="579" align="justify">਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀椀㸀䔀渀最爀愀瘀椀渀最ꀀ眀椀琀栀 椀渀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀氀礀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀ꀀ搀椀猀猀攀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀ꀀ漀昀 吀栀⸀䨀⸀匀椀搀搀攀渀攀爀 昀爀漀洀ꀀ㄀㜀㈀㈀Ⰰ㰀戀爀㸀 � reprinted in the book by Vít Vlnas "Jan Nepomucký, Czech legend", frontispiece</i><br><br> ਀                                         � <p align="justify"><FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">਀䄀 昀甀爀琀栀攀爀 爀攀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀 椀猀 爀攀瘀攀愀氀攀搀 椀渀 椀猀 琀栀攀 瀀愀爀琀 渀漀⸀ 堀堀堀䤀䤀䤀 ⠀椀渀 䄀挀琀 ㌀⤀ ∀䄀爀椀愀⸀ 䄀氀氀攀最爀漀⸀ 䔀渀 搀甀瀀氀漀 猀漀氀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀∀ 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀ꀀ洀攀氀漀搀爀愀洀愀ⴀ漀爀愀琀漀爀椀愀氀ꀀ洀甀猀椀挀愀氀 � composition Sub olea pacis et palma virtutis conspicua orbi regia Bohemiae Corona – Melodrama de Sancto Wenceslao (Under the olive tree of peace and palm tree of ਀瘀椀爀琀甀攀 琀栀攀 䌀爀漀眀渀 漀昀 䈀漀栀攀洀椀愀 猀瀀氀攀渀搀椀搀氀礀 猀栀椀渀攀猀 琀栀攀 眀栀漀氀攀 眀漀爀氀搀 ጀ†䴀攀氀漀搀爀愀洀愀 漀昀ꀀ匀愀椀渀琀 圀攀渀挀攀猀氀愀猀⤀Ⰰ 眀爀椀琀琀攀渀 戀礀 䌀稀攀挀栀 䈀愀爀漀焀甀攀 挀漀洀瀀漀猀攀爀ꀀ䨀愀渀 䐀椀猀洀愀猀 娀攀氀攀渀欀愀ꀀ椀渀ꀀ㄀㜀㈀㌀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀� The oldest evidence of the English substantive word "Czech" in substantive (inhabitant, language) and and its adjective derivative (national) comes from 1850. ਀吀栀攀 昀椀爀猀琀 栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀愀氀 爀攀挀漀爀搀 漀昀 甀猀椀渀最 琀栀攀 眀漀爀搀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀ꀀ椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 挀漀洀攀猀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 愀爀琀椀挀氀攀 ∀䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀猀∀Ⰰ 瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 漀渀 䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀 㐀Ⰰꀀ㄀㤀㈀㔀ꀀ戀礀ꀀ� The New York Times. The name is used there for the Czech state in historical context and is a reference to the Czech lands in its timeless national ਀愀渀搀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 挀漀渀琀椀渀甀椀琀礀 ⠀猀攀攀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀猀 挀甀琀琀椀渀最⤀⸀ 吀栀椀猀 昀愀挀琀 猀甀瀀瀀漀爀琀猀 琀栀攀 愀猀猀攀爀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀椀猀琀猀 琀漀 甀猀攀 琀栀椀猀 渀愀洀攀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀琀愀琀攀 椀渀 最攀渀攀爀愀氀Ⰰ � regardless of historical period or momentary political system: <b>"...As Czechia can denominate our country in any historical period and in any social and ਀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 挀漀渀搀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀⸀⸀∀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀㄀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀一攀眀夀漀爀欀吀椀洀攀猀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㐀㐀㤀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>The article "Literary history of the Czechs" in The New York Times from January 4, 1925 [19]਀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀  � ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� In German, the oldest record of the equivalent one-word name, Tschechien, is from 1876, which was published in the book Bilder aus Böhmen, in Italian (Cechia) from 1927 (publication Rivista italiana di Praga) and in French (Tchéquie) from 1936.<br><br> ਀䤀琀 椀猀 攀瘀椀搀攀渀琀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 椀猀 渀漀琀 愀ꀀ渀攀漀氀漀最椀猀洀Ⰰ 愀猀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 猀漀洀攀琀椀洀攀猀 挀氀愀椀洀攀搀Ⰰ 琀栀漀甀最栀 瀀爀攀瘀椀漀甀猀氀礀 甀渀欀渀漀眀渀 椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 㰀⼀戀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀㌀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀ � Former initial proposals for the Czech state: "Czechland" or "Czechlands", however linguistically correct, were rejected by experts as less proper from a historical ਀瀀漀椀渀琀 漀昀 瘀椀攀眀⸀� <br><br> ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀渀愀洀攀琀愀戀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀㠀㄀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>Names of the country, its territorial parts & their meanings [22]਀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㌀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>Policy</b><FONT size=2><br><br>਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀� As was shown, the problem of using a one-word name for the Czech Republic does not stem from native English speakers, but rather from Czechs themselves. ਀吀栀攀 甀渀眀椀氀氀椀渀最渀攀猀猀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀 椀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀猀 琀漀 猀甀瀀瀀漀爀琀 琀栀攀 眀椀搀攀猀瀀爀攀愀搀 甀猀攀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 椀猀 攀瘀椀搀攀渀琀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀㐀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀Ⰰ � contrary to directions of the Czech foreign ministry. In addition, some initiatives of Czech embassies and other official institutions abroad to press on their partners to NOT use the geographical name of the land have ਀戀攀攀渀 瀀爀攀猀攀爀瘀攀搀 ⠀愀猀 漀渀攀 漀昀 洀愀渀礀 攀砀愀洀瀀氀攀猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 愀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 椀渀ꀀ䰀漀渀搀漀渀ꀀ瀀爀漀琀攀猀琀攀搀 眀栀攀渀 栀攀 猀愀眀 琀栀攀 洀愀瀀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀攀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀 椀渀 琀栀攀 洀攀搀椀愀⤀Ⰰ � being supported by inauspicious personal opinions of some leading Czech politicians. The same pressure was also exerted on some other European countries (France, Italy, Spain, etc.), ਀琀栀愀琀 瀀愀爀琀椀愀氀氀礀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀攀搀 琀栀愀琀 爀攀焀甀椀爀攀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ 栀漀眀攀瘀攀爀 琀栀攀 爀攀愀猀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 椀琀 栀愀瘀攀 渀攀瘀攀爀 戀攀攀渀 攀砀愀挀琀氀礀 昀漀爀洀甀氀愀琀攀搀 愀渀搀 ⠀椀昀 琀栀攀礀 眀攀爀攀 挀漀渀瘀攀礀攀搀 愀琀 愀氀氀⤀ 眀攀爀攀 � predominantly limited to a vague assertion, that Czechs don´t like the one-word name, although in the overwhelming majority, Czech people are not concerned with ਀琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 椀渀 漀琀栀攀爀 氀愀渀最甀愀最攀猀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀椀猀愀爀攀氀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㐀㐀㤀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>Protests in Israel during the visit of Czech prime minister in September 2011</i>਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀਀� <font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">਀਀吀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀洀攀渀琀猀 漀昀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀椀愀渀猀 昀爀漀洀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 猀瀀攀愀欀椀渀最 氀愀渀搀猀 愀渀搀 猀椀洀甀氀琀愀渀攀漀甀猀氀礀 琀栀攀 攀砀愀挀琀 搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 眀栀漀氀攀 瀀爀漀戀氀攀洀 眀愀猀 � most accurately expressed in a letter from the British embassy in Prague (April 4, 2000) signed by Giles Portman, Second Secretary, Press and Politics: "I fully ਀甀渀搀攀爀猀琀愀渀搀 礀漀甀爀 愀爀最甀洀攀渀琀猀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 甀猀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 愀猀 愀 搀椀爀攀挀琀Ⰰ 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 氀愀渀最甀愀最攀 攀焀甀椀瘀愀氀攀渀琀 琀漀 ఀ攁猀欀漀⸀ 䈀甀琀Ⰰ 䌀稀攀挀栀猀 猀琀椀氀氀 甀猀攀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 ఀ攁猀欀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀 爀愀琀栀攀爀 � than Česko, and the English equivalent, the Czech Republic, rather than Czechia. Were that pattern to change, we would have no problem at all with adapting accordingly. ਀䈀甀琀 眀攀 昀攀攀氀 琀栀愀琀 琀栀攀 椀渀椀琀椀愀琀椀瘀攀 昀漀爀 琀栀愀琀 挀栀愀渀最攀 洀甀猀琀 挀漀洀攀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀椀搀攀 愀渀搀 渀漀琀 昀爀漀洀 甀猀⸀ᰀ㰠䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀㔀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀� <br><br>਀� <font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=3 face="Palatino Linotype">਀㰀戀㸀匀漀挀椀愀氀 猀瀀栀攀爀攀猀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <FONT size=2>਀吀栀攀 渀愀洀攀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀ꀀ栀愀猀 渀漀琀 瀀爀攀搀漀洀椀渀愀琀攀搀 洀愀樀漀爀 愀爀攀愀猀 漀昀ꀀ猀漀挀椀愀氀ꀀ愀挀琀椀瘀椀琀椀攀猀 礀攀琀Ⰰ 栀漀眀攀瘀攀爀 椀琀猀 甀猀愀最攀 椀猀 栀愀爀搀 琀漀 椀最渀漀爀攀Ⰰ 愀猀 猀攀攀渀 椀渀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀猀 椀渀瘀漀氀瘀攀搀 椀渀ꀀ椀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 � trade and industry, culture, sports, schools, and all kinds of international contacts.<br><br>਀� Some Czech opponents of the English one-word name Czechia explain their negative attitude by the assertion, that the name "is not expanded abroad and can not be ਀昀漀甀渀搀 漀渀 洀愀瀀猀∀ꀀ⠀戀甀琀 昀漀爀 椀琀猀 漀眀渀 攀砀瀀愀渀猀椀漀渀Ⰰ 攀椀琀栀攀爀 搀漀 渀漀琀栀椀渀最 漀爀 眀漀爀猀攀Ⰰ 搀椀猀挀漀甀爀愀最攀 昀漀爀攀椀最渀 瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀猀 昀爀漀洀 椀琀猀 甀猀攀Ⰰ 愀猀 眀愀猀 洀攀渀琀椀漀渀攀搀 愀戀漀瘀攀⤀Ⰰ 栀漀眀攀瘀攀爀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 椀猀 � commonly published in official geographical literature <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[26]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">, student textbooks <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[27]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">, student atlases (see the part of J.Allen′s & C.Sutton′s Student Atlas of World ਀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀猀ꀀ愀戀漀瘀攀⤀Ⰰ 琀漀甀爀椀猀琀 最甀椀搀攀猀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀㠀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀Ⰰ 琀漀甀爀椀猀琀 爀漀愀搀 愀琀氀愀猀攀猀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㈀㤀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀ꀀ愀渀搀 洀愀瀀猀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㌀ 崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀ 吀栀攀 氀愀爀最攀猀琀 瀀椀挀琀漀爀椀愀氀 攀渀挀礀挀氀漀瀀攀搀椀愀 漀昀 琀栀攀 甀渀椀焀甀攀 栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀愀氀Ⰰ 愀爀挀栀椀琀攀挀琀甀爀愀氀 愀渀搀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀 � monuments of the Czech Republic bears also the name "Czechia" <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[31]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">. Also World Civic Heraldry Guide, an internet heraldic databases of coats ਀漀昀 愀爀洀猀 愀渀搀 昀氀愀最猀Ⰰ 甀猀攀猀 漀昀 琀栀椀猀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 氀愀渀搀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㌀㈀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀攀渀挀礀挀氀漀瀀攀搀椀攀猀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㘀  ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀㠀㐀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀� <font color=#222222><p align="left"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><i>Czechia - Picture encyclopedias in German and English . Road atlas of Czechia [31],[29]਀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� In the past, some Czech trade companies complained, that the name "Czechia" can be mixed up with names of some other states. The main problem was seen in their ਀挀漀渀昀甀猀椀漀渀 戀礀 愀氀氀攀最攀搀 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀椀琀礀 琀漀 ∀䌀栀攀挀栀渀礀愀∀ ⠀漀爀 ∀䌀栀攀挀栀攀渀椀愀∀⤀ 愀渀搀 琀栀愀琀 瀀爀漀戀氀攀洀 眀愀猀 猀攀爀椀漀甀猀氀礀 搀椀猀挀甀猀猀攀搀 椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀 洀攀搀椀愀Ⰰ 搀攀猀瀀椀琀攀 琀栀攀 昀愀挀琀 琀栀愀琀 椀渀 琀栀攀 洀愀樀漀爀椀琀礀 漀昀 � cases the journalists themselves used incorrect spelling "Czechnia" or "Czecnia" <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[33]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">. What is more, the concerns arose without confirmation by multiple evidence ਀漀昀 琀栀愀琀 瀀爀漀戀氀攀洀⸀ 吀栀愀琀 昀愀氀氀愀挀礀 眀愀猀 爀攀瀀攀愀琀攀搀氀礀 攀砀瀀氀愀椀渀攀搀 戀礀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀猀琀猀 愀渀搀 氀椀渀最甀椀猀琀猀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㌀㐀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 猀漀洀攀琀椀洀攀猀 椀琀 椀猀 猀琀椀氀氀 洀攀渀琀椀漀渀攀搀 愀猀 瀀爀漀戀氀攀洀愀琀椀挀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 椀渀 猀栀愀爀瀀 � contrast to the existence of many Czech trade companies with the name "Czechia" in their trade marks.਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀䄀猀 琀栀攀 渀攀攀搀 漀昀 愀 漀渀攀ⴀ眀漀爀搀 渀愀洀攀 昀漀爀 愀 氀愀渀搀 椀猀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 瀀爀漀瀀攀爀 渀愀洀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 戀攀攀渀 眀椀搀攀猀瀀爀攀愀搀Ⰰ 椀琀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 漀挀挀愀猀椀漀渀愀氀氀礀 猀甀戀猀琀椀琀甀琀攀搀 戀礀 ∀䌀稀攀挀栀∀ ⴀ 愀 猀椀洀瀀氀攀 � abbreviation of the political name "Czech Republic", despite the fact that this is the adjective form and is grammatically incorrect, unparalleled in the English ਀氀愀渀最甀愀最攀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㌀㔀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀⸀ 吀栀椀猀 洀椀猀甀猀攀 漀昀 甀猀椀渀最 ∀䌀稀攀挀栀∀ 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀Ⰰ 栀愀猀 猀漀洀攀琀椀洀攀猀 戀攀攀渀 甀瀀栀攀氀搀 愀猀 猀漀洀攀 渀愀琀甀爀愀氀 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀洀攀渀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 氀愀渀最甀愀最攀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 琀栀攀爀攀 椀猀 渀漀琀 � any substratum for that allegation in English grammar <FONT size=1 face="Arial">[36]<FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">. It is another kind of misinterpretation, because that wrong use arose only from Czech sources (e.g. well ਀欀渀漀眀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀 戀攀攀爀ꀀ倀椀氀猀渀攀爀 唀爀焀甀攀氀氀ꀀ眀椀琀栀 椀渀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀 ∀倀椀氀猀攀渀 ⸀ 䌀稀攀挀栀∀ 漀渀 琀栀攀 氀愀戀攀氀㬀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 椀挀攀ⴀ栀漀挀欀攀礀ꀀ琀攀愀洀 樀攀爀猀攀礀猀Ⰰ 猀瀀漀爀琀 挀愀瀀猀Ⰰ 猀漀甀瘀攀渀椀爀猀Ⰰ 攀琀挀⸀⤀⸀ � <br><br>਀� <img src="czechia_name_soubory/montenegro.jpg" width="600" height="350" align="justify">਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀椀㸀䔀砀瀀攀搀椀琀椀漀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 ⴀ 䴀漀渀琀攀渀攀最爀漀� </i><br><br>਀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� ਀䄀氀氀 琀栀攀猀攀 洀椀猀琀愀欀攀猀 栀愀瘀攀 戀攀攀渀 爀攀樀攀挀琀攀搀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀氀礀 洀愀渀礀 琀椀洀攀猀 戀礀 攀砀瀀攀爀琀猀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀嬀㌀㜀崀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 渀攀瘀攀爀 昀甀氀氀礀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀攀搀 � by appropriate institutions, that largely changed it for some "compromise" (e.g.Czech Olympic Committee, using Czech Team or Czech Ice Hockey Association Czech ਀䤀挀攀ⴀ䠀漀挀欀攀礀 吀攀愀洀⤀Ⰰ 琀栀愀琀 搀漀攀猀 渀漀琀 栀愀瘀攀 愀渀礀 瀀愀爀愀氀氀攀氀 椀渀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀 搀攀猀椀最渀愀琀椀漀渀猀 眀漀爀氀搀眀椀搀攀 ⠀琀栀攀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀 愀猀猀椀最渀洀攀渀琀 甀猀攀猀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀Ⰰ 攀⸀最⸀ ∀吀攀愀洀 䌀愀渀愀搀愀∀⤀⸀ 䤀渀 漀琀栀攀爀 挀愀猀攀猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀礀 栀愀瘀攀 椀最渀漀爀攀搀 愀氀氀 愀爀最甀洀攀渀琀猀 愀渀搀 瀀爀漀琀攀猀琀猀⸀� <br><br>਀� <img src="czechia_name_soubory/mistake.jpg" width="600" height="84" align="justify">਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀椀㸀㰀戀㸀一漀Ⰰ 䤀 愀洀 昀爀漀洀 䌀娀䔀䌀䠀䤀䄀 ℀㰀⼀戀㸀 䜀爀愀洀洀愀琀椀挀愀氀 洀椀猀琀愀欀攀 漀昀ꀀ∀䌀稀攀挀栀∀ 愀猀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 椀渀 挀漀洀瀀愀爀椀猀漀渀 眀椀琀栀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 搀攀爀椀瘀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 氀愀渀最甀愀最攀 昀漀爀洀猀� </i><br>਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀爀椀最栀琀∀㸀 㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀嘀氀愀搀椀洀爀 䠀椀爀猀挀栀 ⠀㈀ ㄀㄀⤀� <br><p align="justify"><FONT size=1 face="Arial">਀开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>References</b><FONT size=2><br>਀� <font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=1 face="Arial">਀� 1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, second edition, Oxford University Press, 1989<br>਀ ㈀⸀ 帀ꀀ唀渀椀琀攀搀 一愀琀椀漀渀猀㨀 吀栀攀 渀愀洀攀猀 漀昀 猀琀愀琀攀猀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀椀爀 琀攀爀爀椀琀漀爀椀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀猀㰀戀爀㸀� 3. ^ Jele攁欀 䰀⸀㨀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀⸀ 䤀渀㨀 䔀渀挀礀挀氀漀瀀攀搀椀愀 漀昀 圀漀爀氀搀 䔀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀愀氀 䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀⸀ 䔀搀猀⸀ 匀⸀ 䬀爀攀挀栀 䤀䤀䤀Ⰰ 䨀⸀ 刀⸀ 䴀挀一攀椀氀氀Ⰰ 䌀⸀ 䴀攀爀挀栀愀渀琀Ⰰ 嘀漀氀⸀䤀⸀Ⰰ 䄀 䈀攀爀欀猀栀椀爀攀 刀攀昀攀爀攀渀挀攀 圀漀爀欀猀Ⰰ 刀漀甀琀氀攀搀最攀Ⰰ 一攀眀 夀漀爀欀 ☀Ⰰ 䰀漀渀搀漀渀Ⰰ 瀀瀀⸀ ㈀㜀㤀ጀ㈠㠀 㰀戀爀㸀� 4. ^ Krej 倀⸀㨀ꀀ䤀琀攀洀 ㄀ ⴀ 䌀稀攀挀栀 椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀Ⰰ ∀䐀漀渀✀琀 戀攀 愀昀爀愀椀搀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀Ⰰ 椀琀 渀攀攀搀猀 礀漀甀爀 栀攀氀瀀℀∀㰀戀爀㸀� 5. ^ European Union / Euweb<br>਀ 㘀⸀ 帀ꀀ䴀愀爀琀猀漀渀 匀⸀ 攀琀 愀氀⸀㨀ꀀ圀漀爀氀搀 刀攀最椀漀渀猀 椀渀 䜀氀漀戀愀氀 䌀漀渀琀攀砀琀㨀 倀攀漀瀀氀攀猀Ⰰ 倀氀愀挀攀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 䔀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀猀Ⰰ 㐀琀栀 攀搀椀琀椀漀渀⸀ 倀爀攀渀琀椀挀攀 䠀愀氀氀Ⰰ 䈀漀猀琀漀渀Ⰰ 㐀㄀㄀ 瀀⸀ ⠀㈀ ㄀㄀⤀㰀戀爀㸀� 7. ^ Hirsch V.: Czechia - the civic inititive<br>਀ 㠀⸀ 帀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 椀渀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 䈀漀漀欀猀㰀戀爀㸀� 9. ^ Krej 倀⸀㨀ꀀ䐀漀渀✀琀 戀攀 愀昀爀愀椀搀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀Ⰰ 椀琀 渀攀攀搀猀 礀漀甀爀 栀攀氀瀀℀ꀀ⠀㈀  㠀⤀㰀戀爀㸀� 10. ^ Lutterer I., Šrámek R.: Preface to the book "Zeměpisná jména v Čechách, na Moravě a ve Slezsku. Slovník vybraných zeměpisných jmen s výkladem jejich původu a historického vývoje (Geographical names in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. The dictionary of selected geographical names with the interpretation of their origin and historical development"), 2004, p.3-4<br>਀㄀㄀⸀ 帀ꀀ䤀渀猀琀爀甀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䘀漀爀攀椀最渀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀爀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 ⠀㈀㘀琀栀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀Ⰰ ఀ匁一 䤀匀伀 ㌀㄀㘀㘀ⴀ㄀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㤀㠀⤀㰀戀爀㸀� 12. ^ Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre - basic info (in Czech)<br>਀㄀㌀⸀ 帀ꀀ䤀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 一漀⸀㐀㠀㤀⼀㈀  ㌀ 匀戀⸀ ⠀挀漀氀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 氀愀眀猀⤀ 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 伀昀昀椀挀攀 昀漀爀 匀甀爀瘀攀礀椀渀最Ⰰ 䴀愀瀀瀀椀渀最 愀渀搀 䌀愀搀愀猀琀爀攀 愀戀漀甀琀 琀栀攀 爀攀氀攀愀猀椀渀最 漀昀 吀栀攀 䰀椀猀琀 漀昀 匀琀愀琀攀猀⸀ 刀愀琀椀昀椀攀搀 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㠀Ⰰ ㈀  ㌀⸀ 䰀攀最愀氀 眀椀琀栀 攀昀昀椀挀椀攀渀挀礀 猀椀渀挀攀 䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀 ㄀Ⰰ ㈀  㐀 ⠀㐀ⴀ㈀㄀⤀⸀ 倀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 Ḁ䌠漀氀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䰀愀眀猀ᰀ†漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀Ⰰ 一漀⸀㄀㘀 ⼀㈀  ㌀Ⰰ 瀀⸀㠀㐀㈀㈀㰀戀爀㸀� 14. ^ Murphy, A. B, Jordan-Bychkov, T. G., Bychkova-Jordan Bella: The European culture area: a systematic geography. 5th ed., Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD, p.XV.<br>਀㄀㔀⸀ 帀ꀀ䠀漀爀漀瘀 䔀⸀㨀 ∀圀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 礀漀甀爀 昀爀漀洀ꀀ㼀 䤀 愀洀 昀爀漀洀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀∀Ⰰ 漀爀椀最椀渀愀氀 瘀攀爀猀椀漀渀㰀戀爀㸀� 16. ^ Czech Republic Country Guide<br>਀㄀㜀⸀ 帀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀 圀椀欀椀瀀攀搀椀愀㨀 ఀ攁猀欀漀㰀戀爀㸀� 18. ^ Protocol about public hearing of the Senate of the Czech Republic on the theme "Literary distinction of Czech Republic and Czechia", p.42, 1999<br>਀㄀㤀⸀ 帀ꀀ䰀椀琀攀爀愀爀礀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀猀Ⰰ 吀栀攀 一攀眀 夀漀爀欀 吀椀洀攀猀Ⰰ 䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀 㐀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㈀㔀㰀戀爀㸀� 20. ^ Pavel Stránský - Czech Wikipedia<br>਀㈀㄀⸀ 帀ꀀ䰀甀琀琀攀爀攀爀 䤀⸀Ⰰ 怀爁洀攀欀 刀⸀㨀 吀栀攀 瀀爀攀昀愀挀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 戀漀漀欀 ∀䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀 渀愀洀攀猀 椀渀 䈀漀栀攀洀椀愀Ⰰ 䴀漀爀愀瘀椀愀 愀渀搀 匀椀氀攀猀椀愀⸀ 吀栀攀 搀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀 漀昀 猀攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀猀⸀⸀⸀∀⤀Ⰰ ㈀  㐀Ⰰ 瀀⸀㌀ⴀ㐀㰀戀爀㸀� 22. ^ Czech dialogue ("Magazine for Czechs at home and abroad"): Czechia ? Yes ! (2007)<br>਀㈀㌀⸀ 帀ꀀ䠀漀眀 椀猀 ఀ攁猀欀漀 椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 ⴀ 琀栀攀 愀渀猀眀攀爀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 攀砀椀猀琀攀搀 昀漀爀 洀漀爀攀 琀栀愀渀 ㄀㘀 礀攀愀爀猀Ⰰ 䌀稀攀挀栀 搀椀愀氀漀最甀攀Ⰰ ㈀  㤀㰀戀爀㸀� 24. ^ Velíšek Z.: What’s in a Name? Identity Politics in "Czechia"<br>਀㈀㔀⸀ 帀ꀀ䠀漀爀漀瘀 䔀⸀㨀ꀀ刀攀挀漀爀搀 漀昀 倀爀漀挀攀攀搀椀渀最猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 㜀琀栀 倀甀戀氀椀挀 䠀攀愀爀椀渀最 漀昀 琀栀攀 匀攀渀愀琀攀Ⰰ 䴀愀礀 ㄀㄀Ⰰ ㈀  㐀 ⠀䌀稀攀挀栀⤀㰀戀爀㸀� 26. ^ Martson, S. et al.: World Regions (3)<br>਀㈀㜀⸀ 帀ꀀ䄀氀氀攀渀Ⰰ 䨀⸀Ⰰ 匀甀琀琀漀渀Ⰰ 䌀⸀㨀 䄀 匀琀甀搀攀渀琀 䄀琀氀愀猀 漀昀 圀漀爀氀搀 倀漀氀椀琀椀挀猀Ⰰ 㤀琀栀 䔀搀椀琀椀漀渀⸀ 䴀挀䜀爀愀眀ⴀ䠀椀氀氀 䠀椀最栀攀爀 䔀搀甀挀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ ㈀㐀  瀀⸀㰀戀爀㸀� 28. ^ Nations online: One World: Czech Republic<br>਀㈀㤀⸀ 帀ꀀ刀漀愀搀 愀琀氀愀猀 ∀ఀ攁猀欀漀 ⴀ 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 ⴀ 吀猀挀栀攀挀栀椀攀渀∀㰀戀爀㸀� 30. ^ Road map "Česko - Tschechien - Czechia" (Freytag & Berndt)<br>਀㌀㄀⸀ 帀ꀀ吀栀漀洀漀瘀 匀⸀Ⰰ 吀栀漀洀愀 娀⸀㨀ꀀ䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀ꀀⴀ 瀀椀挀琀甀爀攀 攀渀挀礀挀氀漀瀀攀搀椀愀㰀戀爀㸀� 32. ^ World Civic Heraldry Guide: Coats of arms and flags of cities, regions, states<br>਀㌀㌀⸀ 帀ꀀ吀栀攀 椀渀昀椀渀椀琀攀 搀椀猀瀀甀琀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 瘀猀⸀ 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 ⴀ 刀愀搀椀漀⸀挀稀ꀀ⠀椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀⤀㰀戀爀㸀� 34. ^ Krej 倀⸀㨀ꀀ吀栀攀 䌀栀攀挀栀渀礀愀 䘀愀氀氀愀挀礀㰀戀爀㸀� 35. ^ Marianna O.: Czechia - The Czech Republic<br>਀㌀㘀⸀ 帀ꀀ䐀椀挀琀椀漀渀愀爀礀⸀挀漀洀 ⴀ 䌀稀攀挀栀㰀戀爀㸀� 37. ^ Open letter to the Czech Olympic Foundation, Czech Sports Union, politicians, business people, media, etc.", National Geographic, 2001਀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㈀㸀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b>Other sources</b><font color=#222222><p align="justify"><FONT size=1 face="Arial">਀� <b>*</b> Jele攁欀Ⰰ 䰀⸀㨀 䌀漀搀椀昀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀猀 ఀ攁猀欀漀 ⼀ 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 昀爀漀洀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀Ⰰ 一倀Ⰰꀀ㈀  ㄀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>*</b> Codebook of states in the Collection of Laws of the Czech Republic, no.160/2003<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 ఀ椁縀洁爀漀瘀Ⰰ 䰀⸀Ⰰ 䘀攀氀椀砀Ⰰ 䨀⸀Ⰰ 䠀漀爀漀瘀Ⰰ 䔀⸀Ⰰ 䨀攀氀攀Āek, L., KrejⰀ 倀⸀Ⰰ 匀挀栀渀甀爀Ⰰ 倀⸀㨀 吀漀 琀栀攀 焀甀攀猀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 瘀攀爀戀愀氀 愀渀搀 瘀椀猀甀愀氀 瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀琀愀琀攀 ⠀䬀 漀琀稀挀攀 瘀攀爀戀氀渀 愀 瘀椀稀甀氀渀 瀀爀攀稀攀渀琀愀挀攀 Āeského státu). In: Czech Hospitality and Tourism Papers: no.5, p.86–97. ISSN 1801-1535, 2007<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䬀爀攀樀Āí, P.: 15 years of independent Czech state; Masaryk University, Brno, 2008<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 ఀ椁縀洁爀漀瘀Ⰰ 䰀⸀㨀 䄀戀漀甀琀 瀀攀爀椀瀀攀琀攀椀愀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 搀攀瘀攀氀漀瀀洀攀渀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 漀甀爀 猀琀愀琀攀 愀渀搀 愀琀琀椀琀甀搀攀猀 琀漀 琀栀攀洀 猀椀渀挀攀 ㄀㤀㄀㠀 ⠀䬀 瀀攀爀椀瀀攀琀椀洀 瘀ﴀ瘀漀樀攀 渀稀瘀漀 渀愀愀攁栀漀 猀琀琀甀 愀 瀀漀猀琀漀樀漀 欀 渀椀洀 漀搀 爀漀欀甀 ㄀㤀㄀㠀⤀⸀ 一愀愀攁 夀攁Ā, 82, no.1, pp.1-15., 1999 (in Czech)<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䘀攀氀椀砀 䨀⸀㨀 ఀ攁猀欀漀 瀀爀漀渀椀欀 搀漀 戀ᬀ縁渁栀漀 猀氀漀瘀渀欀甀 ⠀吀栀攀 渀愀洀攀 ఀ攁猀欀漀 椀猀 瀀攀爀瘀愀搀椀渀最 椀渀琀漀 挀漀洀洀漀渀 瘀漀挀愀戀甀氀愀爀礀⤀ ⴀ 夀攀愀爀戀漀漀欀ꀀ㈀  ㈀Ⰰ 吀攀挀栀渀椀挀愀氀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀 椀渀ꀀ䰀椀戀攀爀攀挀Ⰰ 瀀瀀⸀㄀㔀㔀ⴀ㄀㘀㄀Ⰰ ⠀椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀⤀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>*</b> Hirsch V.: The name is a fate (Jméno je osud), 2011 (in Czech)<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䨀攀氀攀Āek, L.: On the geographic name of the Czech Republic. Geographica Supplementum No 2/I, Bratislava 1999, pp. 279–285<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䬀爀攀樀Āí, P.: Česko has has its official english translation for 16 years. Vesmír, 88, March 2009, pp. 200–202<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䈀椀Āík R., Perlín R.: Press statement on the importance of the correct use of this country’s name in foreign languages (2001)<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䨀攀氀攀Āek L.:On the geographic name of the Czech Republic, 2nd Slovak-Czech-Polish Geographical Seminar, Bratislava, September 1–5, 1999<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䠀漀爀漀瘀 䔀⸀Ⰰ 䨀攀氀攀Āek L., Krej 倀⸀㨀ꀀ∀圀栀攀爀攀 愀爀攀 礀漀甀 昀爀漀洀㼀∀ ጀ†∀䤀 愀洀 昀爀漀洀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀℀∀ꀀ䈀甀氀氀攀琀椀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀漀猀氀漀瘀愀欀 匀琀甀搀椀攀猀 䄀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 嘀漀氀⸀ ㌀㄀Ⰰ 一漀⸀ ㈀Ⰰ 䘀愀氀氀 ㈀  㠀⸀ 嘀愀氀搀漀猀琀愀 匀琀愀琀攀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀Ⰰ 嘀愀氀搀漀猀琀愀Ⰰ 䜀䄀Ⰰ 瀀瀀⸀ 㜀ጀㄠ 㰀戀爀㸀� <b>*</b> Horová E.: Record of Proceedings of the 7th Public Hearing of the Senate, May 11, 2004 (in Czech)<br>਀㰀戀㸀⨀㰀⼀戀㸀 䌀椀瘀椀挀 椀渀椀琀椀愀琀椀瘀攀 ఀ攁猀欀漀⼀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀㨀ꀀ伀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀 氀攀琀琀攀爀 琀漀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 圀椀欀椀瀀攀搀椀愀 愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀漀渀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>*</b> The statement of geographers, linguists, historians, and other experts on the problem of the official one-word geographical name for the Czech Republic (1998)਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀                                                                                  � </p></td></th>਀� ਀� ਀㰀琀栀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㈀ ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀  栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀 㰀䘀伀一吀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䌀䌀䌀䌀䌀䌀∀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀栀㸀� ਀� ਀� ਀㰀琀栀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㈀㠀 ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㈀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀洀椀搀搀氀攀㸀� ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b><font color=#999999>EXCERPTS</b><br>਀开开开开开开开开开开� <br><br><br>਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀瘀攀氀椀猀攀欀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㈀ ∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㤀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀爀椀最栀琀∀㸀� <FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">਀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㸀� Zdeněk Velíšek:<br>਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀㸀圀䠀䄀吀ᤀ匠 㰀戀爀㸀䤀一 吀䠀䔀 一䄀䴀䔀㼀㰀戀爀㸀 䤀䐀䔀一吀䤀吀夀 倀伀䰀䤀吀䤀䌀匀 䤀一 ∀䌀娀䔀䌀䠀䤀䄀∀� <p align="justify"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><font color=#999999><br>਀� ਀䌀稀攀挀栀 樀漀甀爀渀愀氀椀猀琀 愀渀搀 眀攀氀氀ⴀ欀渀漀眀渀 挀漀爀爀攀猀瀀漀渀搀攀渀琀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀 吀嘀 眀爀椀琀攀猀 椀渀 栀椀猀 攀砀挀攀氀氀攀渀琀 愀渀愀氀礀猀椀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 椀搀攀渀琀椀琀礀 挀爀椀猀椀猀 椀渀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀猀 椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀㨀� <font color=#777777><b>"...The Czech Republic does not in fact have such a name despite the existence of one from eighteenth century: "Česko". And, if we਀眀攀爀攀 琀漀 甀猀攀 ఀ攁猀欀漀Ⰰ 眀攀 眀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 欀渀漀眀渀 椀渀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 愀猀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀∀⸀㰀⼀戀㸀 㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㤀㤀㤀㤀㤀㤀㸀� <br><br>਀䄀渀搀 椀渀 琀栀攀 漀琀栀攀爀 瀀氀愀挀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 愀爀琀椀挀氀攀 眀攀 挀愀渀 昀漀甀渀搀 琀栀攀 戀愀猀椀挀 挀漀洀洀攀渀琀 漀昀 挀漀渀琀攀洀瀀漀爀愀爀礀 猀琀愀琀攀㨀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㸀 � <b>"...The awkwardness which surrounds the name of our country in international media and foreign speech has handicapped us. ਀圀攀 搀漀 渀漀琀 爀攀氀椀稀攀 椀琀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 椀爀爀椀琀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 搀椀猀爀攀猀瀀攀挀琀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 洀椀猀瀀攀爀挀攀瀀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 愀渀搀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 爀攀愀氀椀琀礀 甀渀搀攀爀氀椀攀 琀栀椀猀 愀眀欀眀愀爀搀渀攀猀⸀ � Czechia belongs on the map of Europe; the history of Czechia and the Czechs is much longer than the history of ਀漀甀爀 爀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀愀渀 猀琀愀琀攀 猀礀猀琀攀洀∀⸀㰀⼀戀㸀� <br>਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀爀椀最栀琀∀㸀吀栀攀 一攀眀 倀爀攀猀攀渀挀攀 ⠀猀甀洀洀攀爀 ㈀  㤀⤀� <br><br><br><br>਀� ਀� <img src="czechia_name_soubory/Mole.jpg" width="120" height="183" align="left">਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <font color=#777777>਀䨀漀栀渀 䴀漀氀攀㨀㰀戀爀㸀� MIND <br>YOUR MANNERS਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㤀㤀㤀㤀㤀㤀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� Understanding the nature of cultural diversity is one thing-managing it day-to-day is quite another! When doing business internationally, ਀挀甀氀琀甀爀攀 猀栀漀挀欀 ⴀ 愀渀搀 猀漀洀攀琀椀洀攀猀 挀甀氀琀甀爀攀 挀氀愀猀栀 ⴀ 椀猀 甀渀愀瘀漀椀搀愀戀氀攀⸀ 吀栀攀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀猀琀 䨀漀栀渀 䴀漀氀攀✀猀 䴀椀渀搀 夀漀甀爀 䴀愀渀渀攀爀猀 � is a comprehensive guide that explores cultural aspects of dozens of individual European countries as they relate to global business. ਀䴀漀氀攀 搀攀猀挀爀椀戀攀猀 䔀甀爀漀瀀攀✀猀 攀砀琀爀愀漀爀搀椀渀愀爀礀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀Ⰰ 攀挀漀渀漀洀椀挀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 猀漀挀椀愀氀 挀栀愀渀最攀猀 愀渀搀 搀攀洀漀渀猀琀爀愀琀攀猀 琀栀攀 戀爀漀愀搀 挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀 猀瀀攀挀琀爀甀洀 � of European nations. <br><br>਀䤀渀 琀栀攀 挀栀愀瀀琀攀爀Ⰰ 搀攀搀椀挀愀琀攀搀 琀漀 漀甀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 愀渀搀 挀愀氀氀攀搀 ∀䌀娀䔀䌀䠀䤀䄀∀Ⰰ 栀攀 眀爀椀琀攀猀 愀洀漀渀最 漀琀栀攀爀㨀 � <font color=#777777><b>"Since it became fully independent in 1993, the Czech government’s preferred for its country has been Czechia.਀圀栀礀 渀甀洀攀爀漀甀猀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀猀 瀀攀爀猀椀猀琀 椀渀 挀愀氀氀椀渀最 椀琀 戀礀 椀琀猀 洀漀爀攀 椀渀挀漀渀瘀攀渀椀攀渀琀 愀搀樀攀挀琀椀瘀愀氀 渀愀洀攀 ⠀琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀⤀Ⰰ 攀猀瀀攀挀椀愀氀氀礀 眀栀攀渀 琀栀攀礀 愀爀攀 栀愀瀀瀀礀 琀漀 挀愀氀氀 琀栀攀 匀氀漀瘀愀欀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 匀氀漀瘀愀欀椀愀 漀爀� the French Republic France, is a mystery..."</b>਀㰀戀爀㸀� <p align="right">Nicolas Brealey Publishing (2003)਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀� <p align="justify"><FONT size=2 face="Palatino Linotype">਀㰀戀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㤀㤀㤀㤀㤀㤀㸀䌀䤀吀䄀吀䤀伀一匀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ___________਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <p align="justify"><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><font color=#777777><br>਀� ਀㰀戀㸀⨀ ∀䌀漀洀戀椀渀椀渀最 琀栀攀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 愀 猀琀愀琀攀 眀椀琀栀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀猀 漀昀 漀琀栀攀爀 猀琀愀琀攀猀 愀瀀瀀攀愀爀猀 挀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀瘀攀氀礀 甀渀猀甀椀琀愀戀氀攀Ⰰ 猀琀礀氀椀猀琀椀挀愀氀氀礀 挀氀甀洀猀礀Ⰰ 洀愀渀渀攀爀攀搀Ⰰ � and undiplomatic"</b><br><br>਀� <i>From the "The opinion of geographers, linguists, historians, and other experts in science and humanities on the problem of the official one-word geographical ਀渀愀洀攀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 ⠀昀爀漀洀 瀀爀攀猀猀 挀漀渀昀攀爀爀攀渀挀攀 愀琀 䄀氀戀攀爀琀漀瘀Ⰰꀀ䌀栀愀爀氀攀猀 唀渀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀Ⰰꀀ倀爀愀最甀攀Ⰰ 䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀ꀀ㄀㤀㤀㠀⤀㰀⼀椀㸀� <br><br>਀� <b>* "The one-word geographical name, used in Czech (Česko), should be appropriately translated by a one-word geographical one. If it is translated ਀戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 渀愀洀攀 ∀琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀ᰀⰠ 椀琀 氀攀愀搀猀 琀漀 愀渀 甀渀搀攀猀椀爀愀戀氀攀 猀栀椀昀琀 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀攀愀渀椀渀最㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀㸀吀栀攀 瀀甀戀氀椀挀 栀攀愀爀椀渀最 椀渀 琀栀攀 匀攀渀愀琀攀 漀昀 䌀稀攀挀栀 瀀愀爀氀椀愀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ 䴀愀礀 ㄀㄀Ⰰ ㈀  㐀 ⠀䔀瘀愀 䠀漀爀漀瘀Ⰰ 氀椀渀最甀椀猀琀Ⰰ ㈀  㐀⤀㰀⼀椀㸀� <br><br>਀� <b>* "It is not possible to say that “..at the beginning of the 15th century, the Hussite revolution broke out in the Czech Republic”. ਀吀栀椀猀 漀渀攀 挀漀甀氀搀 戀爀攀愀欀 漀甀琀 漀渀氀礀 椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀 氀愀渀搀猀 漀爀 椀渀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀⸀ 吀栀攀 戀漀漀欀 挀愀氀氀攀搀 ∀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀 漀昀 䘀爀愀渀挀攀∀ 挀愀渀 琀爀攀愀琀 琀栀攀 眀栀漀氀攀 栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀 瀀攀爀椀漀搀Ⰰ � the book called "History of the Czech Republic" only the history of Czechia (Czech lands) since 1968. This fact as well shows the need ਀漀昀 愀渀 愀戀戀爀攀瘀椀愀琀攀搀 漀渀攀ⴀ眀漀爀搀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 眀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀愀氀 椀渀 琀椀洀攀 愀渀搀 椀渀 猀瀀愀挀攀⸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀㸀伀渀 琀栀攀 最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 ⠀䰀攀漀愀 䨀攀氀攀Āek, geographer, 1999)</i>਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀戀㸀⨀ ∀䤀昀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀 愀甀琀栀漀爀椀琀椀攀猀 栀愀搀 琀愀欀攀渀 挀愀爀攀 漀昀 瀀爀漀洀漀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀椀爀 漀眀渀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 瘀攀爀礀 戀攀最椀渀渀椀渀最Ⰰ 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀 琀漀 漀琀栀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀 眀栀椀挀栀 � arose from desintegration of former communist federations, the public would have soon taken into account that the well established "trade mark"਀䌀稀攀挀栀漀猀氀漀瘀愀欀椀愀 挀漀渀琀椀渀甀攀猀 愀猀 䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀爀攀 眀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 渀漀琀栀椀渀最 琀漀 搀椀猀挀甀猀猀 琀漀搀愀礀⸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀㸀䐀漀渀✀琀 戀攀 愀昀爀愀椀搀 漀昀 䌀娀䔀䌀䠀䤀䄀Ⰰ 椀琀 渀攀攀搀猀 礀漀甀爀 栀攀氀瀀 ℀ ⠀倀愀瘀攀氀 䬀爀攀樀Āí, 2008)</i> ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀戀㸀⨀ 䄀 漀渀攀ⴀ眀漀爀搀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀猀 瀀攀爀洀愀渀攀渀挀礀 愀渀搀 琀椀洀攀氀攀猀猀渀攀猀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 猀琀愀琀攀栀漀漀搀Ⰰ 爀攀最愀爀搀氀攀猀猀 漀昀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 猀琀爀甀挀琀甀爀攀⸀ � Using only the political name represents all we don´t want - transiency, instability and historical discontinuity.</b><br><br>਀� <i>"Businessmen versus linguists", Hospodářské noviny, September 10, 2004 (Vladimír Hirsch. composer)</i> ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀� <b>* "If Hitler is to make good a nationality claim to Danzig he should first withdraw from Czechia…."</b><br><br>਀㰀椀㸀刀漀戀攀爀琀 䌀⸀ 䈀椀渀欀氀攀琀Ⰰ 䌀氀攀瘀攀氀愀渀搀Ⰰ 伀栀椀漀Ⰰ 䨀甀氀礀 ㈀㔀Ⰰ ㄀㤀㌀㤀㰀⼀椀㸀ꀀ� <br><br><br><br>਀� ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b><font color=#999999>COMMENTS (or <font color=#444444>"No Comment" <font color=#999999>?)</b><br>਀开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开� <br><br>਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� One of the best examples of the "competence", "responsibility" and general attitude of Czech politics, this one਀椀洀洀攀搀椀愀琀攀氀礀 愀昀琀攀爀 琀栀攀 昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀攀眀 䌀稀攀挀栀 猀琀愀琀攀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㤀㌀㨀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀挀稀攀挀栀椀愀开渀愀洀攀开猀漀甀戀漀爀礀⼀稀椀攀氀攀渀椀攀挀⸀樀瀀最∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㠀㌀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㠀  ∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀爀椀最栀琀∀㸀� <i>Herald Tribune<br> January 3, 1993</i> ਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㜀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀� <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>਀� ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� From "justifications" written by some Czech contributors (presented by nicknames) of English Wikipedia after their repeated deletion of ਀琀栀攀 愀爀琀椀挀氀攀 愀戀漀甀琀 漀渀攀ⴀ眀漀爀搀 渀愀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 㨀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <img src="czechia_name_soubory/wiki.jpg" width="183" height="196" align="right">਀� <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀戀㸀⨀ 刀䄀吀䤀伀渀愀氀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� Google spits some 2.800.000 results as regards Czechia. A lot? Widely used? No way - there are 455.000.000 results of ਀琀栀攀 䌀稀攀挀栀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀⸀ 吀栀愀琀 椀猀 爀愀琀椀漀 ㄀㘀㈀Ⰰ㔀㨀㄀⸀ 㰀椀㸀 ⠀䌀椀洀洀攀爀椀愀渀 瀀爀愀攀琀漀爀⤀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>* Sophisticated:</b><br>਀䤀琀 椀猀 渀漀渀猀攀渀猀攀⸀ 匀漀Ⰰ 椀 挀愀渀 搀攀氀攀琀攀 椀琀⸀㰀⼀戀㸀 㰀椀㸀⠀䴀攀眀甀氀眀攀⤀㰀⼀椀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <b>* Objective : </b>(after reaction: <i>"You cannot simply erase the article with many references and description of objective reality, ਀椀琀 椀猀 椀渀挀爀攀搀椀戀氀礀 愀爀爀漀最愀渀琀⸀⸀⸀∀⤀ � </i><br>਀倀氀攀愀猀攀 搀漀 渀漀琀 愀琀琀愀挀欀 漀琀栀攀爀 挀漀渀琀爀椀戀甀琀漀爀猀Ⰰ 愀猀 礀漀甀 搀椀搀 眀椀琀栀 琀栀椀猀 攀搀椀琀 琀漀 唀猀攀爀 䴀攀眀甀氀眀攀⸀ � If you continue to do so, you will be blocked from editing.</b> <i>(Jeff G.)</i><br><br>਀� <br><br><br><br>਀� ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀� <b><font color=#999999>RELATED LINKS</b><br>਀开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开� <br><br>਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <a href="http://convozine.com/952-czechia"><img src="czechia_name_soubory/convozine.jpg" width="120" height="41" align="justify" border=0><FONT size=1></a><br><br>਀䌀稀攀挀栀椀愀 ⴀ 琀栀攀 瀀愀爀琀 漀昀 䄀洀攀爀椀挀愀渀 眀攀戀稀椀渀攀 䌀漀渀瘀漀稀椀渀攀 愀戀漀甀琀 愀爀琀Ⰰ 猀挀椀攀渀挀攀 愀渀搀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀猀� <br><br>਀� <FONT size=7 face="Arial"> ਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>਀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀� <br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><FONT size=1 face="Arial"><br><br><br> ਀� ਀㰀瀀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀樀甀猀琀椀昀礀∀㸀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀⌀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㜀㸀㰀戀爀� ਀                       � </p></td></th>਀� </font> </p>਀� <br>਀㰀戀爀㸀� ਀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀� ਀� ਀㰀吀䄀䈀䰀䔀 挀攀氀氀匀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀㄀ 挀攀氀氀倀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀㄀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㤀   愀氀椀最渀㴀挀攀渀琀攀爀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀 㸀� <TBODY>਀㰀吀刀㸀� <TH><td width="900" align="middle" height="2" valign="top> <FONT size=1><font color="#000000" face="Arial">਀㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀㈀ 挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀㤀㤀㤀㤀㘀㘀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀倀愀氀愀琀椀渀漀 䰀椀渀漀琀礀瀀攀∀㸀开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开开 � <br><br>਀㰀䘀伀一吀 猀椀稀攀㴀㄀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀㤀㤀㤀㤀㘀㘀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀䄀爀椀愀氀∀㸀� <a href="czechia.org"><img src="czechia_name_soubory/back.jpg" width="60" height="30" align="justify" border=0></a><br>਀ ꤀ 嘀氀愀搀椀洀爀 䠀椀爀猀挀栀㰀䈀刀㸀� ਀ � </DIV></FONT></FONT></FONT>਀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀� ਀� </body>਀㰀⼀栀琀洀氀㸀� ਀�