The Government is the supreme body of
It consists of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Ministers, and
coordinates activities of the ministries and the central bodies of the state
administration and manages the state administration throughout the territory of the state.
The Government has exclusive legislative initiative in terms of the state budget.
President is elected for a term of five
years by a joint session of both chambers of Parliament (maximum two successive terms).
The President is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. Presidential power is
limited; the most important is the right to veto any bill which has already been passed by
Parliament, with the exception of constitutional bills. This power is void in times of
constitutional or other political crises.
The Parliament consists of two chambers - the Chamber of Deputies and the
It passes all bills valid in the territory of the Czech Republic and expresses
approval of important international treaties; i.e. those concerning human rights and basic
liberties, political treaties, and general economic treaties. It decides the most
important acts of state, such as declaring war or approving the deployment of foreign
armies on Czech soil.
The Chamber of Deputies is made up of
200 deputies who are elected for a term of four years.
The last elections took place in June 1998. The President can dissolve the Chamber
of Deputies in cases outlined in the constitution. Political lobbies, ongoing
parliamentary commissions and committees operate in the historical building which houses
The Senate is made up of 81 senators
elected for six-year terms.
Every two years one-third of the Senates seats come up for re-election. The
Senate cannot be dissolved.